Wind turbines around the world will generate 37 billion kilowatt- hours this year, according to a Danish consulting firm.
RINGKà˜BING, Denmark, DK, 2001-04-05 <SolarAccess.com> Total global capacity of wind energy is 18,449 MW, according to BTM Consult ApS. This installed capacity will increase 39 percent in 2001, following last year’s increase of 15 percent. The leading country is Germany with 6,107 MW of wind turbines, which represents 33 percent of the world’s output. Spain is in second spot, at 2,836 MW, which is 15 percent of the world total. The United States has installed 2,610 MW and Denmark is close behind at 2,341 MW, both of which represent 12 percent of global output. The U.S. will install 1,440 MW of wind this year, compared with only 180 MW last year, but will slow to 950 MW in 2002, says the report. Officials cite the uncertainty in that country over the government’s response to climate change. There are 26,390 turbines operating in Europe, another 16,659 units in America, 5,748 in Asia and 441 in the rest of the world, for a global total of 49,238 turbines. The market for new turbines will grow from the current US$8 billion of sales, to $32 billion by 2005. There is increasing acceptance of megawatt size turbines, and offshore wind is forecast to hit 10 percent of the total market by 2005. Vestas Wind of Denmark and Gamesa Eolica of Spain are the two largest turbine manufacturers, with 32 percent of the world market. Vestas owns 40 percent of Gamesa. NEG Micon holds 13 percent and Bonus has 11 percent of market share. Germany’s Enercon has 14 percent. India’s Suzlon Energy has moved into the top ten list of companies for the first time, says the BTM analysis. Of the 1,798 MW of cumulative wind power in Asia, 1,220 is in India. Europe has 13,630 MW; America has 2,847 MW; Africa has 137 MW; and the rest of the world accounts for 37 MW of wind. The world will install 39,000 MW of new wind units by 2005, predicts BTM. The growth in 2003 will be 16 percent, which will drop to 6 percent in 2004 and then rise to 20 percent in 2005, it says. The average growth rate will be 17.6 percent for the four year period, and reflects moderate growth in Europe until offshore takes off. BTM was started in 1986 to provide data on the wind energy industry.