The Conference of the Parties, signatories to the Framework Convention of the United Nations, in Marrakech (COP 22) on Climate Change (CC) is an opportunity to highlight the efforts made by Morocco to honor its international commitments.
The ratification of the European Union (EU) and India to the Paris Agreement (COP 21) concerning CC, which came after exceeding the threshold of 55 countries that emit more than 55 percent of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, paved the way for the entry of the Paris Agreement in practice and contributing to the success of COP 22 in Marrakech, by facilitating negotiation between policy makers to adopt practical and concrete decisions, such as:
- Engage the most polluting countries, such as China (28 percent in 2013) and the U.S. (14 percent), in the causes of CC and the immediate reduction of their GHG emissions to protect the Earth against current warming,
- Assist the most vulnerable developing countries to cope with CC, to build their capacities through technology transfer and financing sustainable projects by mobilizing the green fund, estimated at $100 billion per year from 2020.
On the top of its ability to avoid water scarcity, Morocco has an important potential for hydraulic, solar and wind power, which will allow Morocco to have 52 percent of its installed capacity from renewable energies by the end of 2030. It produced more than 5.1 percent of its net electricity consumption from wind energy from 2014. In addition to its experience in agriculture, Morocco is a leading African country for dam construction and operation of renewable energy to reduce GHG emissions.
Due to the expected doubling of Africa’s population by 2050, CC will have catastrophic repercussions on Africa, with a decrease of 4.7 percent of its gross domestic production, due mainly to the deterioration of its agricultural sector, undermining the stability of the African countries by increasing unemployment, especially for youth.
Morocco was committed to a closer cooperation with African countries to enable them to adapt to CC and strengthen the resilience of their economies. Morocco represents the voice of Africa, especially regarding the issue of financing and technology transfer, and to emphasize the need to strengthen regional and international cooperation, with the idea of bringing the necessary support to southern countries and, in particular, the African ones, which bear the brunt of the CC phenomenon.
Soon, survival conditions will be unbearable by floods, droughts, rising sea levels, etc. and consequently massive emigration; thus, the major risks to peace and security by increasing the risk of conflicts, mainly over primary resources. If nothing is done today, tomorrow it will be worse, and we are responsible for intergenerational solidarity.