The International Energy Agency says nuclear is an appropriate fuel for future use.
PARIS, France, FR, 2001-05-17 <SolarAccess.com> “We recognize that each country will choose that mix of fuels it considers most appropriate: oil, gas, coal, nuclear or renewables,” the 26 member countries agreed in the final communique from their biennial meeting. Nuclear is included in the list of energy sources that can help to diversify supply and contribute to collective energy security as a result of recent increases in the price of crude oil. IEA is an agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development, and last issued an affirmative policy on nuclear in 1993 to reduce dependence on crude oil and to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide. Since then, a number of member countries have reduced their support for nuclear. “Technological developments are improving prospects for greater energy efficiency, broader commercial application of cleaner fuel technologies, renewable energy and combined heat and power generation,” says the summary of the two day meeting in France. “We encourage Secretariat efforts to accelerate these improvements world-wide.” The guiding principles of IEA’s ‘Shared Goals’ are energy security, environmental protection and economic growth, which are essential to sustainable development. New and flexible responses are required to achieve those goals, and the members agreed to take action to modify “longer-term trends” in GHG emissions within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. “We commit ourselves, in our own countries and within the framework of the IEA, to strengthen energy security across the full range of primary energies; to continue energy market and regulatory reform; to expand access to energy services; to improve energy efficiency; to support the development and transfer of energy technologies; and to foster a sustainable energy future,” it reads. “We welcome the renewed emphasis on energy in several Member countries and in the European Union, including efforts to expand domestic energy supplies and curb energy demand as appropriate.” If the trends in energy consumption continue, a recent IEA report estimates that demand will grow by 60 percent by 2020, with much of the increase in developing countries. Oil, coal, gas and nuclear power will continue to dominate the energy mix, and the Outlook calls for diversification of energy sources for electricity generation through emissions trading and other methods. “We emphasize that energy remains an essential ingredient of human progress and prosperity,” it says. “We cannot allow energy use to impose unacceptable burdens on any part of global society or on the natural environment.” “We support the continuing diversification of our energy systems, both by energy type and by source,” it concludes. “We intend that renewable energy should play an increasing role and accept the European Union’s invitation to collaborate in a concerted effort to give new impetus to both the diversity and the efficiency of all forms of energy.”