Idaho, United States [RenewableEnergyWorld.com] U.S. Geothermal Inc. announced that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has formally awarded the Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) grant that was announced on October 14, 2008. The Raft River EGS program now totals up to US $10.21 million, with the DOE providing up to $7.39 million as part of the cost-sharing arrangement.
The money will go to a program that is designed to perform a staged, thermal stimulation of an existing injection well to improve permeability within the geologic horizon that hosts the Raft River geothermal reservoir. The program team is being led by the Energy & Geoscience Institute from the University of Utah. Team members APEX Petroleum Engineering Services, and HiPoint Reservoir Imaging are providing key technical service and contributions.
U.S. Geothermal is providing in kind contributions to the program through the use of a spare injection well, technical personnel, access to the existing Raft River wellfield and technical data.
The Raft River EGS project is one of 21 projects that are scheduled to conduct research, develop and demonstrate the viability of Enhanced Geothermal Systems. DOE provided up to $78 million in funding for the 2008/2009 programs.
The Raft River site was chosen for the EGS development program because it has access to the typical range of production temperatures in EGS projects. U.S. Geothermal has a spare injection well and several monitoring wells that will be utilized for the demonstration. The program will study the in-place permeability of the geologic horizon that hosts the geothermal reservoir and then will measure the impact of thermal fracturing using three different temperatures of fluid.
Fracturing can occur when cold water is injected into a well where the hot rock exists. If targeted results are not achieved after thermal fracturing, hydraulic fracturing using pressurized fluids may be studied. In each case the increase in permeability due to fracturing will be measured.
Successful completion of the DOE program at Raft River will provide key information on the future development of the Raft River resource to increase the probability of drilling commercial production and injection wells. In addition the data will provide new information on the successive changes in fracturing and permeability due to increasing differences between the temperature of the in-place rock and the temperatures of the injected fluid.