We represent the motion of a vortex of air saturated with vapors of superheated air Trailing Solar Chimney equations of motion of the plasma.
Description of the effect of vortex motion of air draw on the example of molten tin. The cuvette is placed in a tin with a magnetic field, magnetic induction vector is directed vertically. Assume: 1 – vessel, 2 – the molten metal, 3 – spiral coil, 4 – a metal ring, 5 – Electrode, “S” – southern magnetic pole, “N” – the north magnetic pole. In the central part of the vessel lowered into the molten metal electrode. The second electrode is a ring. It is installed along the perimeter of the vessel and lowered into the liquid. When current flows through the conductive fluid, the latter comes into rotational motion observed in the zone between the central and peripheral electrodes to the center of the vortex at the central electrode. The frequency of vortex rotation is maximal at the center and decreases toward the periphery. The vortex motion of the molten metal appears even with a slight current. Starting with the current of several amperes, it is confidently observed visually. With further increase in current intensity of the vortex motion increases dramatically, which leads to the formation of a deep crater in the center of the vessel. When the direction of the magnetic field or changing the polarity of the applied voltage direction of vortex motion is reversed. A similar effect occurs in nature and leads to the formation of vortices, tornadoes, cyclones.
The vortex motion of a fluid in a magnetic field is accompanied by a temperature effect. Its essence lies in the fact that the environment of the vortex temperature gradient occurs. Increasing ambient temperature from one electrode is accompanied by a decrease in ambient temperature at the other electrode. Description of the effect we give the example of an electrically conducting fluid. Cell with an electrically conducting fluid is placed in a magnetic field induction vector which is directed vertically. In the central part of the cell in a liquid electrode is omitted. The second electrode is a peripheral ring and installed around the perimeter of the cell. When current flows observed rotational motion of the fluid, which is accompanied by an increase in temperature environment at one electrode and a decrease in ambient temperature at the other electrode. This is manifested in the experiment as the formation of solid metal with one of the electrodes. When changing the experimental conditions the solid phase is not formed in the central region, while the peripheral electrode.
The temperature effect is accompanied by a swirling motion in the magnetic field.
In our opinion, this temperature effect manifests itself in Nature. He may have contributed to the emergence of low temperatures in the polar regions of Earth.
The appearance of a temperature gradient was observed in the experiment, demonstrating the formation of two differently directed vortices.
Unilateral temperature effect is observed in the effect, open the French metallurgical engineer J. Ranke. In a turbulent whirlwind spontaneously arises a powerful current of heat from the axis to the periphery: the core flow is always colder than the periphery. Ranque vortex tube – is the same as a cyclone, but reconstructed to obtain the maximum amount of cold in the axial part of the vortex flow and therefore heat – in the periphery.
The temperature difference between the hottest and coldest layers in the vortex tube can be significant. These layers are in the field of centrifugal forces coexist within a few millimeters apart.
It should be noted that in contrast to the temperature effect observed in the experiments, the effect of heat always flows Ranka from the axis of the vortex to the periphery, regardless of the direction of the vortex. In our experiments, the observed cooling of tin at the same conditions in the center, the other – on the periphery.