Turkey Adopts National Feed-in Law for Renewables

After lengthy discussions, the Turkish Parliament approved a renewable energy law which will provide feed-in tariffs for electricity from renewable energy sources. The new renewable energy law will support mainly wind power by setting up a purchase guarantee of the average whole-selling electricity price (some 5 ct/kWh) for a period of seven years for electricity generated from renewable energies.

According to the World Wind Energy Association (WWEA). The Turkish Parliament took its decision almost one year after the Parliament Committee for Industry, Energy, Natural Resources, Information and Technology had approved a first draft Law on Utilisation of Renewable Energy Resources for Electricity Production. The approval of the new renewable energy law by the Turkish National Assembly follows the example of the leading renewable energy countries in Europe like Germany, Spain and in the past Denmark. In the past years the majority of the European countries have adopted similar legislation which is based on the success principles and should also serve as the basis for a future, EU-wide framework for renewable energy to be decided in the coming years. This tariff, however, is much below the average price credit offered in the leading European wind markets. Grid operators will be obliged in principle to provide access to the grid for renewable energy generators. An important aspect is that in principle also independent power producers can benefit from the feed-in tariff which can make it easier for local and rural population and enterprises to benefit from the new legislation and to create a broad basis for an emerging Turkish renewable energy industry. “We are very pleased that after years of discussion we have been able to convince the Turkish Parliament to make such first, but important step to strengthen the country’s decentralized renewable energy sector,” said WWEA Vice President Tanay Sidki Uyar, Associate Professor at the Energy Section of Marmara University, Board Member of the Turkish Wind Energy Association and President of EUROSOLAR Turkey. “This law also brings Turkish energy policies closer in line with European Union legislation, but we still hope for further improvements which is also the objective of the European renewable energy directive. Uyar added that Turkey is one of the windiest and sunniest places in Europe and can reduce its dependence on fossil fuels very quickly when using its domestic renewable potentials even more quickly than other European countries and at very low costs, much lower than when continuing the fossil or nuclear approach. The law is not expected to be sufficient to attract investment in small hydro, PV and biomass installations. These technologies will also require additional legislative measures. “It is good to have this new law, but especially for small and medium-sized investors there are still only limited perspectives,” said Christian Johannes, Board Member of the Turkish Wind Energy Association and Managing Director of the Turkish company Reconsult.

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