Renewable Energy in Australasia

The U.S. Department of Energy compiles energy data on most countries around the world, including their domestic use of renewable energy.

WASHINGTON, DC, US, 2001-08-08 [] The U.S. Department of Energy compiles energy data on most countries around the world, including their domestic use of renewable energy. The reports are published by DOE’s Energy Information Administration. Australia has generation capacity of 37.9 GW, of which 89 percent is thermal (mostly coal) and 11 percent from renewables (mostly hydro). It generates 191.7 billion kWh, up 3 percent from the previous year. Renewable energy consumption is 396 trillion Btu, 1 percent higher than 1997. Japan generates 1,018 billion kWh of electricity from 226 GW capacity, of which 59 percent comes from fossil fuels, 30 percent from nuclear reactors, 8 percent from hydroelectric dams, and 3 percent from geothermal, solar and wind. A 1998 energy plan calls for a threefold increase in the use of renewables by 2010 though a ‘Green Credit System’ to give producers incentives. The Revised Energy Savings Law, adopted in 1999, calls on governments to offer effective economic incentives to promote wider use on environmentally friendly products and technologies including solar cells and lower-emission vehicles. In 1999, Japan added 43.4 MW of wind capacity, increasing its total to 75 MW, and the government has set a target to install an additional 300 MW by 2010. Wind power capacity faces strong challenges to development from unreliable weather and remote sites, which makes transmission expensive. The government has set targets to increase PV generation to 5,000 MW by 2010 from its 1996 level of 55 MW; and waste power to 5,000 MW. As a volcanic island chain, Japan has significant potential for geothermal generation, and the country currently has 533 MW of installed capacity. Renewable energy consumption is 1,342 trillion Btu, up 1 percent. The Philippines is the world’s second largest producer of geothermal power, with current capacity of 1,900 MW. Geothermal contributes 16 percent of installed capacity, with two new plants to generate 40 and 100 MW, respectively. The Philippines is exploring the use of other renewables for generation, with plans to use solar, wind or micro-hydro power in half of the country’s 9,708 villages currently without electricity. In 2000, WorldWater signed an agreement with Cebu Electric Cooperative to provide 1,200 homes with solar electrification. In March 2001, the Philippine and Spanish governments and BP Amoco signed a $48 million contract to bring solar power to 150 villages. The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that wind resources in the Philippines have a potential of 70,000 MW. Britain’s Garrad Hassan Ltd. has expressed interest in a $220 million wind project. Another wind project is the 40 MW PNOC-EDC Northern Luzon project in Ilocos Norte, scheduled to operate in 2002. A biomass waste-to-energy plant is planned for Negros Occidental to use 450 tons of municipal waste and bagasse per hour. Renewable energy consumption is 543 trillion Btu, a 4 percent increase. China’s capacity is 277 GW, of which 210 GW is thermal, 65 GW is hydro and 2 GW is nuclear. The Three Gorges Dam, when completed in 2009, will include 26 separate 700 MW generators, for a total of 18.2 GW. There are plans to construct 25 generating stations with a combined capacity of 15.8 GW. Seven of these stations are either under construction or currently in operation. Renewable energy consumption is 10,895 trillion Btu, a 2 percent increase. Thailand has 17,508 MW of capacity and generated 89 billion kWh, and the government recently set a goal to triple the use of renewable energy to 3 percent of total production over the next five years, by earmarking one fifth of the country’s new Baht 30-billion national conservation program for the promotion of renewables. Consumption of renewables decreased by 45 percent to 412 trillion Btu between 1997 and 1998, and now accounts for 26 percent of total consumption, with most coming from the use of wood for domestic applications. Malaysia’s generation capacity is 14.0 GW, of which 84 percent is thermal and 16 percent is hydro, and generates 59 billion kWh. The 2,200 MW Bakun hydroelectric project in Sarawak was to be reconstructed by 2002, and send 70 percent of its output to Kuala Lumpur, but the government has delayed the project indefinitely. Consumption of renewable energy increased by 17 percent to 110.2 trillion Btu.
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Renewable Energy World's content team members help deliver the most comprehensive news coverage of the renewable energy industries. Based in the U.S., the UK, and South Africa, the team is comprised of editors from Clarion Energy's myriad of publications that cover the global energy industry.

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