HRW Briefings


Tom Read, director TMI, dies

Tom W. Read, founder and director of TMI & Associates of the United Kingdom, died November 26, 2008. He was 65.

A mechanical engineer by training, Read worked internationally in the marketing of systems for temperature-controlled concrete for dam, powerhouse, and tunnel construction.


International Renewable Energy Agency formed

Delegations from more than 100 world governments met January 26 in Bonn, Germany, for the formal signing of a statute to create the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

The international organization, initiated by Germany with the support of Spain and Denmark, is intended to close the gap between the world’s large renewable energy potential and its current relatively low market share in energy consumption.

“There is such great potential in solar, wind, and hydropower, geothermal energy, and biomass that they can cover the energy needs of a global population rising to over 9 billion people,” German Environment Minister Sigmar Gabriel said, in welcoming the delegates. “Furthermore, their use can be decentralized, thus bringing energy and development opportunities to isolated regions.”

The main work of IRENA will be to advise its members on creating the right frameworks, building capacity, and improving financing and the transfer of technology for renewable energies.

“Many countries have recognized the opportunities which renewable energies offer for climate protection, security of supply, economic growth, and employment,” Gabriel said. “IRENA gives renewables an international voice and political impetus. The agency will be the global platform for renewable energies.”

The IRENA Preparatory Commission is to convene for the first time to decide on the agency’s initial steps. Signatories of IRENA will be invited to submit applications for an interim headquarters and nominations for an interim director-general until April 30. In June, the commission is to choose an interim headquarters and director.

For information, see IRENA’s Internet site,, or contact the agency by e-mail at


Site change delays Zambia’s 750-MW Kafue Lower

A unit of the World Bank says construction of the 750-MW Kafue Gorge Lower hydroelectric project will be delayed several months due to technical difficulties with the initial project site on Zambia’s Kafue River.

Saleem Karimjee, South African region manager for the bank’s International Finance Corp. (IFC), said Kafue Gorge Lower had been scheduled for construction in 2009 but would be delayed because it needed to change sites.

“Our team has discovered that the site that has been planned for a long time is technically more complex than the site which is a few hundred meters downstream, (which) has now been selected and agreed upon,” Karimjee said.

“We can’t start the technical works until the rains stop and if we are lucky it is going to be somewhere in March or April before geotechnical work can be done, and that has set us back a few months unfortunately,” Karimjee said.

IFC had tentatively been scheduled to complete a feasibility study of the US$1.5 billion project by the end of 2008. Now, energy experts say a detailed feasibility study will last nine months.

ICOLD, global agencies issue Africa dams, hydro declaration

The International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) and other international agencies are urging lenders to work with African nations to undertake hydropower development on a large scale. “Conditions are now ripe for hydropower development in Africa and this is a period of unique opportunity,” the World Declaration on Dams and Hydropower for African Sustainable Development said.

The declaration was approved at ICOLD’s 80th anniversary celebration in Paris in November 2008. Other signatories were the African Union; Union of Producers, Transporters, and Distributors of Electric Power in Africa; the World Energy Council; the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage; and the International Hydropower Association.

“We call on multilateral and bilateral funding agencies to engage with African countries on hydropower development, promoting national and regional project development facilities and innovative funding mechanisms,” the declaration said.

The groups said governments, financing agencies, and industry have developed policies, frameworks, and guidelines for evaluation and mitigation of environmental and social effects, and for addressing concerns of vulnerable communities affected by hydropower development.

“We call upon governments to recognize the need to plan hydropower developments in a river basin context against the background of the full range of alternatives for energy production,” the document said. “Planning should give due weight to environmental and social factors, as well as economic and financial factors.”

The declaration said Africa exploits only 4 percent of its fresh water, with only 40 percent of the rural population having potable and safe water supply. Less than 7 percent of hydropower has been developed, with 65 percent of the population not having access to electricity.

Portugal awards 1,134-MW Alto Tamega concession

Spanish utility Iberdrola won a concession to build and operate four hydroelectric plants totaling 1,134 MW on Portugal’s Alto Tamega River. The company said it plans to earmark 1.7 billion euros (US$2.2 billion) for the work.

Officials signed a contract to build and operate the projects during a ceremony January 23 in the
town of Chaves, Portugal, near the site of the new hydro plants. Portugal Prime Minister Jose Socrates and Iberdrola Chairman Ignacio Galan signed a contract for the project at the event.

Galan called the Alto Tamega hydroelectric complex one of the most important hydraulic undertakings in Portugal over the past 25 years and one of the great hydro developments in Europe. The complex is expected to complete the hydroelectric development of the Douro Basin, called the Duero where it extends into Spain.

Iberdrola said it plans to earmark funds in 2012-2018 for Alto Tamega’s four hydro plants, Gouvaes, Padroselos, Alto Tamega, and Daivoes. While it did not identify individual capacities, Iberdrola said two plants would offer 900 MW of pumping capacity and two conventional hydro plants would offer 234 MW, for a total capacity of 1,134 MW. The plants will generate about 2,000 gigawatt-hours annually, which represents about 3 percent of Portugal’s electricity consumption.

Iberdrola was winning bidder in a solicitation by Portugal’s water agency, Instituto da Agua (Inag), for 112-MW Gouvaes, 113-MW Padroselos, 90-MW Alto Tamega, and 109-MW Daivoes. Although plant capacities identified by Inag totaled 424 MW, Iberdrola said the Alto Tamega Hydro complex would total 1,134 MW. Additionally, the investment figure is higher than an earlier figure of 1 billion euros (US$1.3 billion).

Iberdrola said it submitted the best bid for 65-year concessions, reported to be 303.7 million euros (US$398.5 million).

The four power plants are among ten new projects, and five hydro project expansions, included in Portugal’s national program of dams with high hydropower potential, Programa Nacional de Barragens com Elevado Potencial Hidroelectrico.

Portugal awards concession for 72-MW Girabolhos

In other development activity in Portugual, Inag recently awarded a concession to units of Spanish utility Endesa to design, build, and operate the 72-MW Girabolhos hydroelectric project on the Mondego River.

Inag took bids in 2008 for concessions to build both Girabolhos and 77-MW Pinhosao on the Vouga River. No bids were received for Pinhosao.

The water agency said the Girabolhos concession was awarded to Agrupamento Endesa Generacion Portugal SA and Endesa Generacion SA. The Endesa units are to pay a bid of 35 million euros (US$46.8 million) upon contract signature

Indonesia to develop two 1,000-MW pumped-storage projects

Indonesia utility PT PLN Persero plans to seek bids from builders, equipment suppliers, and consultants for the 1,040-MW Upper Cisokan and 1,000-MW Matenggeng pumped-storage projects.

The government of Indonesia applied for a US$600 million World Bank loan for the Upper Cisokan Pumped-Storage Power Project, which includes Matenggeng. In 2006, PT PLN awarded a US$1.35 million contract to a joint venture of NEWJEC Inc. of Japan with Colenco Power Engineering Ltd., PT Hasfarm Dian, and PT Kwarsa Hexa to provide consulting services for Upper Cisokan in West Java.

To be built on the Cisokan River, a tributary of the Citarum River, Upper Cisokan is to have four 260-MW reversible Francis pump-turbines in an underground powerhouse, two roller-compacted-concrete dams impounding upper and lower reservoirs, and transmission lines connecting with the Java-Bali power system.

PT PLN plans to seek bids for:

  • Design and construction of Upper Cisokan;
  • A feasibility study, basic design, and bidding documents for Matenggeng;
  • A corporate business strategy study; and
  • Updating of system planning and operation capability.

German utility sees 2,000 MW of hydro in Bosnia

German utility group RWE AG expressed interest in investing more than 1 billion euros (US$1.27 billion) in the energy sector of Bosnia’s Serb region, including development of hydropower projects.

The RWE management and the government of Bosnia’s autonomous Bosnian Serb republic, Republika Srpska, discussed the possibilities of cooperation in the construction of hydropower plants in the region, which makes up Bosnia along with the Muslim-Croat federation.

RWE estimated about 2,000 MW could be produced by construction of hydropower plants on the Drina and Trebisnjica rivers in the east and on the Vrbas River in the west of the region. “We see the Serb republic as the growing market in the future and we want to contribute to the development and building of infrastructure, especially in domain of power supplies,” Gerd Jaeger, a member of the RWE Executive Board, said in Banja Luka.

Jaeger said his company could kick off with the construction of hydropower plants in 2009.

Serb republic Energy Minister Slobodan Puhalac said cooperation with RWE would be in the form of a public-private partnership because the region did not want to privatize its energy sector.

In November 2008, Norwegian renewable energy developer Technor Energy ASA agreed to invest 200 million euros (US$259 million) to build six hydropower projects on the Bosna River in the Bosnian Serb republic.

Ecuador seeks study, design for 4,000-MW Zamora complex

Ecuador’s Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy plans to recruit consultants to perform studies and detailed design of the 4,000-MW Zamora hydroelectric complex on Ecuador’s Zamora and Namangoza rivers. The ministry called Zamora the largest and most important hydroelectric development in Ecuador.

The ministry seeks technical and economic pre-feasibility and feasibility studies as well as detailed design of the Zamora complex (Lower Course), which could include 20 hydroelectric projects, 90 percent of which would be in Morona Santiago Province.

Although the budget allocated for the work is US$29.45 million, the ministry said it would invest US$40 million to complete the studies and final design. Funds are to come from Ecuador’s energy and hydrocarbon investment fund, Fondo Ecuatoriano de Inversion en los Sectores Energetico e Hidrocarburifero.

Work begins with 1,200-MW San Juan Bosco

The ministry said the studies initially would focus on the most important project in the complex, the 1,200-MW San Juan Bosco hydro project. The consultant is to perform additional geological, geophysical, and geotechnical studies of the San Juan Bosco site. If the site proves unsatisfactory, the consultant is to recommend a new location for the project.

Once the San Juan Bosco site is established, a pre-feasibility study is planned between it and the confluence of the Zamora and Namangoza rivers outlining technical and economic aspects of the functioning of the hydraulic system as a whole. The consultant is to submit alternative hydro developments.

The consultant also is to develop final technical specifications, an economic evaluation, and terms of reference and documents for recruitment of construction companies for the project.

N.Z. utility wins consents for 260-MW Lower Waitaki

New Zealand generator Meridian Energy Ltd. received four water resource consents in December 2008 for the proposed North Bank Tunnel Concept, which would divert water from the Lower Waitaki River for a hydroelectric project of between 210 MW and 260 MW.

A hearing panel of Environment Canterbury granted resource consents allowing the utility to divert, take, use, and discharge water from the Waitaki under the North Bank Tunnel Concept (NBTC).

More than 430 parties had submitted information to the panel.

The North Bank Tunnel Concept features a 34-kilometer tunnel along the Waitaki between Waitaki Dam and Stonewall, with an underground powerhouse.

With consents allowing access to the water, Meridian now can plan the project in detail and seek resource consents to excavate and build the tunnel and power station. Meridian previously said it adopted a staged approach to its filing to ensure sufficient water is available before it invests millions of dollars on detailed engineering investigations.

The North Bank Tunnel Concept would occupy part of the area of a proposed 524-MW Project Aqua canal and powerhouse system that Meridian abandoned in 2004 due to uncertainty over obtaining water rights and resource consents. Meridian said it learned important lessons from the Project Aqua effort and made significant modifications to its proposal including water sharing provisions, a tunnel-based proposal that minimizes many effects on the area, and consultation with affected parties.

South Africa delays, renames 1,500-MW Lima

South Africa utility Eskom announced it will delay development of the proposed 1,500-MW Lima pumped-storage project due to high construction costs and depressed electricity demand.

Eskom also announced it has renamed the project Tubatse.

Eskom spokesman Fani Zulu said Tubatse would be delayed because it was not required urgently as energy demand is expected to grow at a much slower pace owing to economic slowdown. Zuni said the utility would continue with construction of two coal plants, Medupi and Kusile, of 4,800 MW each.

“If we continue with Tubatse, we get into a high excess capacity situation, so we decided to move it to a later date,” he said, but added that no date has been finalized.

Eskom previously estimated the project would go on line in late 2015 for an estimated cost of 10.2 billion rand (US$1.02 billion). For project details, see HRW article “Snapshots of Pumped-Storage Projects,” December 2008, Page 14.

The National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA) has been reviewing Eskom’s license application to operate Tubatse. Eskom must acquire the operating license from NERSA before proceeding to the next phase of the project, actual implementation.

Eskom is already developing another pumped-storage project, 1,368-MW Ingula, on the border of South Africa’s Free State and KwaZulu-Natal. In September 2008 it named Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation to supply complete electro-mechanical equipment, including four pump-turbines of 342 MW each, four motor-generators, and complete automation and control systems.


India firm to build 330-MW Kishanganga

India hydro developer NHPC Ltd. awarded a contract to the HCC-Halcrow Consortium for turnkey construction of the 330-MW Kishanganga project on India’s Kishanganga River.

NHPC awarded the
27.26 billion rupee (US
$557.75 million) contract to the consortium, comprising Hindustan Construction Co.
Ltd. (HCC) of India and Halcrow Group Ltd. U.K.

HCC, which announced the award to the Bombay Stock Exchange in January, said it would be responsible for investigations, planning, design and engineering, construction of civil and associated infrastructure, supply, transportation, installation, testing, and commissioning of plant and machinery over 84 months.

Kishanganga is to be built in the Bandipora and Gurez Valley of Jammu & Kashmir State. The project includes construction of a 37-meter-tall concrete-faced rockfill dam, a 23.5-kilometer tunnel, and an underground powerhouse with three 110-MW turbine-generators.

Alstom Hydro to equip 240-MW Lower Jurala

State-owned Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corp. (APGENCO) awarded a contract to Alstom Hydro for turnkey supply of equipment to the 240-MW Lower Jurala project on India’s Krishna River.

Alstom Hydro said the 78 million euro (US$97.5 million) contract calls for design, manufacturing, supply, installation, testing, and commissioning of six 40-MW bulb turbine-generators and auxiliary equipment.

Andritz equips Laos’ 280-MW Theun-Hinboun Expansion

Theun-Hinboun Power Co. Ltd. (THPC) awarded an 85 million euro (US$113.5 million) contract to Andritz Hydro (formerly Andritz VA Tech Hydro) to equip the 280-MW Theun-Hinboun Expansion project on Laos’ Nam Theun River.

THPC is expanding the 210-MW Theun-Hinboun hydroelectric project in Khammouan Province, which was completed in 1998 with VA Tech Hydro equipment. THPC named Sweco of Sweden the owner’s engineer earlier this year.

The expansion project includes a 220-MW addition to the Theun-Hinboun power station, plus a new 60-MW Nam Gnouang hydropower plant, a 6-kilometer headrace tunnel, and a new 70-meter-tall roller-compacted-concrete dam on the Nam Gnouang River, a tributary of the Nam Theun.

Andritz is to supply, install, and commission equipment for both the expanded powerhouse and the new plant, including three Francis turbine-generators, governing systems, automation and protection, main inlet valve, auxiliary systems, and switchyard equipment. The expansion is to begin commercial operation in June 2012, generating more than 3,000 gigawatt-hours annually.

The Lao government is the largest investor in the US$500 million plant with a 60 percent stake by Electricite du Laos in THPC, which is developing the project. GMS Power, a subsidiary of Thailand’s M.D.X. Co. Ltd., has a 20 percent stake and Nordic Hydropower, a partnership of Swedish and Norwegian state-owned utilities Vattenfall and Statkraft, owns the rest.

Consortium orders units for Brazil’s 3,300-MW Jirau

The developer of the 3,300-MW Jirau hydroelectric project signed contracts totaling at least US$831 million for bulb turbine-generators and other equipment for the project, being built on the Madeira River in Brazil’s Rondonia State.

Energia Sustentavel do Brasil (ESBR), winner of a concession to build Jirau in Brazil’s Amazon Region, announced in January it signed a US$410 million contract with Dongfang Electric Corp. International and Dongfang Electric Machinery of China for supply of 18 75-MW turbine-generators. Dongfang said the contract represents its entry into the Brazilian market as well as the largest export contract the Chinese firm has ever signed.

It was announced in December 2008 that a consortium led by Alstom Hydro and including Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation and Andritz Hydro (formerly Andritz VA Tech Hydro) also had won a 300 million euro (US$421.8 million) contract from ESBR to supply 28 turbine-generators and other equipment. Alstom said it is responsible for 48 percent of the contract, including ten turbines, 17 generators, 28 governors, monitoring systems, bus bars, and surge/neutral devices.

ESBR also announced it was adding two more units to Jirau’s design, for a total of 46 turbine-generators. ESBR said the two units would increase the project to 2,014.24 average MW from 1,975.3 average MW. Reports indicated approval of the addition was pending with regulator Agencia Nacional de Energia Eletrica, after which the project’s installed capacity would be listed as 3,450 MW.

ESBR predicted commercial operation would begin in 38 months, with generation in early 2012.

ESBR consortium members include Suez Energy South America Participacoes Ltda.; Eletrosul Centrais Eletricas S/A; Companhia Hidro Eletrica do Sao Francisco (CHESF); and Camargo Correa Investimentos em Infra-Estrutura S/A.

Alstom, Andritz to equip 3,150-MW Santo Antonio

Alstom Hydro and Andritz Hydro also received contracts to supply Jirau’s sister project on the Madeira, 3,150-MW Santo Antonio.

Alstom said it received a 500 million euro (US$708 million) contract to supply electro-mechanical and hydro-mechanical equipment for Santo Antonio. Alstom said it is to supply 19 bulb turbines, 22 generators, and 50 percent of the project’s hydro-mechanical and lifting equipment.

Andritz received a 250 million euro (US$317.2 million) contract to supply turbine-generators and voltage regulating systems for Santo Antonio. Andritz said its affiliates are to supply 12 turbines and generators as well as 24 voltage regulating systems for the generators. The first unit is to begin operation in mid-2012.

Consorcio Madeira Energia won concession bidding to build Santo Antonio in 2007. The consortium includes Furnas Centrais Eletricas S/A, Odebrecht Investimentos em Infra-estrutura Ltda., Construtora Norberto Odebrecht S.A., Andrade Gutierrez Participacoes S/A, Cemig Geracao e Transmissao S/A, and Fundo de Investimentos e Participacoes Amazonia Energia (formed by banks Banif and Santander).

Ukraine firm to equip Tajikistan’s 3,000-MW Nurek

During a visit to Ukraine by Tajikistan President Imomali Rakhmon, Ukraine hydro equipment supplier Turboatom agreed to supply six turbines for rehabilitation of Tajikistan’s 3,000-MW Nurek hydroelectric project.

Turboatom officials signed a memorandum in December 2008, during Rakhmon’s visit to Turboatom facilities. The agreement was negotiated in private during the visit.

Nurek, which has been undergoing rehabilitation on the Vakhsh River, produces more than 70 percent of the country’s electricity.

The first new unit is to be delivered in 2009, followed by two each in 2010 and 2011 and one in 2012. Turboatom said Tajikistan officials also are interested in modernizing other 40-year-old equipment at Nurek.

The supplier said it also is ready to renew deliveries of hydro turbines to Tajikistan’s 3,600-MW Rogun hydroelectric project, whose construction began in 1980, but stalled at the end of the Soviet era. The Tajikistan government recently struggled for funding to complete the project.

Turboatom Director General Viktor Subotin said the company plans to begin manufacturing Rogun’s third generating unit in the immediate future. Rogun currently has two 200-MW turbines built by Turboatom. Subotin said about 30 percent of the equipment manufactured for the project is located at Turboatom facilities.


Verbund Austrian Hydro Power AG awarded a contract to Siemens AG Osterreich Automation und Drives to supply switchgear for an extension of the 63-MW Hieflau project. Siemens’ Austrian unit is to design, produce, supply, install, and start up switchgear for two 3.8-MW pump drives.

Israel’s Solel Boneh International signed a US$200 million contract to plan and construct the 85-MW Palo Viejo project in Guatemala. The Guatemalan unit of Italian utility Enel announced plans in 2008 to develop Palo Viejo. Construction is to require 32 months.

India engineering firm Angelique International is to build two hydropower projects in Cameroon as part of an aid package worth 125 billion Central French Africa francs (US$251.5 million). Export-Import Bank of India is to lend the money to Cameroon. Angelique is due to start work in July.

Vietnam’s Cavico Hydropower Construction received a US$9.8 million construction contract from Song Giang 2 Hydropower Joint Stock Co. for the 37-MW Song Giang 2 hydroelectric project on Vietnam’s Song Giang River. Cavico is to construct a 3,900-meter headrace tunnel, two total 650-meter sub-tunnels, and a 42-meter-tall surge tank.


PennWell acquires assets of HCI

PennWell Corp., a diversified global information company, announced it acquired the assets of HCI Publications Inc., a Kansas City, Mo., U.S.-based producer of magazines, conferences, and exhibitions serving the hydroelectric industry.

HCI assets include Hydro Review and HRW magazines, the Internet-based hydropower news service, the HydroVision and Waterpower conferences and exhibitions, and other hydropower-related research and information products.

Financial terms of the sale were not disclosed.

The owners of HCI Publications, Leslie Eden and Carl Vansant, will serve as consultants to PennWell. Additionally, seven HCI editorial and sales employees joined PennWell, continuing to work from the Kansas City offices.

Oklahoma-based PennWell will manage the business from its headquarters in Tulsa under Richard Baker, Senior Vice President, Power Generation.

“PennWell is pleased to add these outstanding publications and events to our expanding renewable energy portfolio since hydropower is an essential vertical extension for our renewable energy franchise,” PennWell President and Chief Executive Officer Robert F. Biolchini said.

HCI President Leslie Eden expressed confidence in PennWell as the best home for growth of the publications and events. “We are honored that PennWell, as the world’s leading and most respected provider of information to multiple energy markets, will advance the international reach and development of our products and services for hydropower,” Eden said.

Cegelec creates Brazil renewables unit

French-based engineering firm Cegelec created a Brazilian renewable energy subsidiary, Cegelec Renewable, which has formed a strategic partnership with Brazilian hydropower engineer Energ Power.

Cegelec, which has been present in Brazil since 1974 with subsidiary Cegelec Ltda., said Cegelec Renewable will contribute to the development of its group in the field of renewable energy.

The strategic partnership is to permit Energ Power to strengthen its position in the renewable energy market. It is to come into force in the coming weeks pending administrative formalities, Cegelec said.

Cegelec, which has 25,000 employees in 30 countries, added that it has an option to take control of Energ Power by early 2010.

Energ Power has 500 employees and 12 engineering-procurement-construction contracts in execution.

Italy’s Edison, Enel, SEL form hydro ventures

Societa Elettrica Altoatesina (SEL), the local utility of Italy’s Bolzano Province, made agreements with two major Italian utilities, Edison SpA and Enel Produzione, to operate existing hydroelectric projects in Bolzano totaling more than 1,000 MW.

In separate agreements SEL is to own: 60 percent of Hydros Srl, while Edison owns 40 percent; and 60 per cent of Newco, while Enel owns 40 percent.

Swiss hydro operators merge; EDF takes stake

Swiss utilities Aare-Tessin AG fur Elektrizitat (Atel) and Energie Ouest Suisse (EOS) agreed to merge, effective February 1, into Alpiq Holding AG.

Additionally, French utility Electricite de France (EDF) is acquiring a 25 percent stake in Alpiq and will transfer to the new company its energy rights from a 50 percent stake in 360-MW Emosson Dam on the French-Swiss border.

The combined company is to have hydropower generation in Switzerland totaling 3,000 MW. With 10,000 employees and a presence in several European countries, Alpiq is to provide a third of Switzerland’s electricity.

Officials of Atel and EOS signed merger documents in December 2008, calling for EOS to bring its activities and assets into the new company in exchange for shares in Atel Holding Ltd. Atel is simultaneously being renamed Alpiq Holding AG.

EOS will increase its holdings in the new company to about 31 percent from 18.56 percent. A consortium of Swiss utility minority shareholders will hold about 31 percent of Alpiq. Italian utility A2A, the former AEM Mailand, will hold about 5 percent, with the remainder held by several thousand small shareholders.

EDF will provide Alpiq its energy rights from the 50 percent stake in Emosson Dam valued at 720 million Swiss francs (US$645 million) and will pay another 337 million francs (US$301 million) in cash for its 25 percent stake.

Czech utility takes stake in Akenerji

Czech power utility CEZ acquired a 37.4 percent stake in Turkey’s Akenerji. CEZ agreed to pay US$302.6 million to take half of the 75 percent stake in Akenerji held by the main owner, Akkok Group, as part of a strategic alliance, CEZ said.

“Together with CEZ, Akenerji plans to achieve an expansion of its production portfolio to 3,000 MW over the next five years,” CEZ said. “This increase will require an investment worth about US$3 billion.”

Akenerji also obtained a license from regulators to build 100-MW Trabzon and 79-MW Cinarcik, with a total investment of US$235 million.

Alstom, GES to equip three Turkey projects

Turkish hydropower developer EnerjiSA Enerji Uretim A.S. named Alstom Hydro and GES to supply equipment to three hydroelectric projects totaling 417 MW on Turkey’s Seyhan and Goksu rivers.

Alstom Hydro said the 100 million euro (US$140.6 million) contract is for design, supply, supervision, and commissioning of equipment at the 183-MW Kavsakbendi, 148-MW Kopru, and 86-MW Menge projects in southern Turkey. Alstom is to receive 70 million euros (US$98.4 million) of the total contract for three 61-MW vertical Francis turbine-generators for Kavsakbendi, two 74-MW vertical Francis units for Kopru, and two 43-MW vertical Francis units for Menge. Consortium partner GES is responsible for balance of plant and overall installation of equipment, valued at 30 million euros (US$42.2 million).


Georgia, Russia utility sign 1,250-MW Enguri pact

Russian international power developer Inter RAO UES announced it signed a memorandum of understanding with Georgia officials to cooperate in the operation of Georgia’s 1,250-MW Enguri Dam.

Inter RAO Chairman Evgeniy Dod and Georgia Energy Minister Alezander Khetaguri signed the agreement in December 2008, outlining plans to cooperate in the project’s operation for ten years. Enguri is located on the Enguri River, which divides Georgia from its breakaway province of Abkhazia.

In August 2008, Russian troops and forces from the province of Abkhazia occupied the hydroelectric project as part of an invasion of Russian troops into Georgian territory. Russia recognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states after the short war, and has thousands of troops in both regions.

Enguri’s generators lie on the Abkhaz side of the border, but the dam is on the Georgian side. The plant generates 4.2 billion kilowatt-hours per year, accounting for 45 percent of Georgian electricity generation. Under a deal between Tbilisi and Abkhazia, the breakaway region gets 1.2 billion kWh.

Inter RAO is one of the biggest investors in Georgia, with an electricity distribution utility for Tbilisi, a 300-MW thermal plant, and two 120-MW hydroelectric stations. Inter RAO also has announced it will export electricity to Turkey via Georgian territory.

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