The U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has issued a final rule establishing an expedited licensing process for original hydropower licenses for certain qualifying facilities at existing non-powered dams and for closed-loop pumped storage projects.
The rule is part of the commission’s implementation of the America’s Water Infrastructure Act and seeks to ensure a final licensing decision no later than two years after receipt of a completed application.
In November 2018, FERC invited federal and state agencies and Native American tribes to participate in an interagency task force (ITF) to coordinate the regulatory processes associated with the proposed expedited licensing process. The commission convened an ITF coordination session in December 2018 and issued a notice of proposed rulemaking in January 2019 seeking comment on the proposed expedited licensing process.
Under the final rule, an interested applicant must file a request for authorization along with its license application. To qualify as a facility at an existing non-powered dam for the purposes of the expedited licensing process, a facility cannot already be licensed or exempted from the licensing requirements in the Federal Power Act. The applicant also must demonstrate that the facility will be associated with a qualifying non-powered dam and will be constructed, operated and maintained for the generation of electric power. The facility must generate electricity by using withdrawals, diversions, releases or flows from the associated qualifying non-powered dam, and its operations must not make any material changes to the storage, release or flow operations of the associated qualifying non-powered dam.
To qualify as a closed-loop pumped storage project, the project must cause little or no change in existing surface and groundwater flows and uses and must be considered unlikely to adversely affect threatened or endangered species or their designated critical habitat under the Endangered Species Act. The final rule also adds qualifying criteria to ensure that a qualifying pumped storage project uses only reservoirs situated at locations other than natural waterways, lakes, wetlands and other natural surface water features and relies only on temporary withdrawals from surface waters or groundwater for the sole purposes of initial fill and periodic recharge needed for project operation.
The application also must include consultation documentation with stakeholders, including federal and state agencies, tribes and dam owners.
FERC said April 18 that the final rule will take effect 90 days after publication in the Federal Register.