Bio Energy

 

ABSTRACT

How a simple ethanol biogas cooking stove, in a subsidized community housing setting for the poor and the middleclass, can act as catalyst to solve environmental, nutritional and socio- community development conflicts, at developing country rainforest regions of developing countries. (Khazali Allen, Environmental analyst – (Sierra Leone Development Solutions) SLDS INC

 

Introduction:

Agribusiness, timber & wood harvesting and settlements, are competing for overgrown savannah and rainforest lands in Sierra Leone. The basic needs for daily living – Food, shelter and energy needs for communities, has put tremendous pressure on forest and water resources, minimizing the chances for rainfall and needed forest carbon stock for GHG sequestration of industrial and city auto air pollutants. This scenario creates an excellent condition for spatial global warming impact on land and water bodies, a situation which developing countries, should avoid in the first place. Relocating populations to foreign settlements because of land use activities, has become a tall order for political leaders in Africa, especially when relocating people, to regions where there are no subsistence agriculture land and forest resources (wood for charcoal manufacturing and cooking)

Bioenergy investment:

Quest for revenue from carbon credit and, marginal sale of energy to hydro grid by

Addax Bioenergy, a division of the Swiss-based energy corporation Addax & Oryx Group

(AOG), Greenfield integrated agricultural and renewable energy project in Makeni Sierra Leone has invested 200 million Euros, on a 10,000 acre land plantation to produce fuel ethanol and, use bagasse, to produce and sell electricity to Sierra Leone, without any consideration to process and produce ethanol gas for household domestic consumption. The company’s final ethanol biofuel is going to be sold to EU Markets.

? Feedstock: Sugarcane

? Sugarcane Plantation size : 10’000 hectares

? Carbon credit Kiri Tree cultivation: 10,000 hectares

? Milling capacity: 200 Tons of cane per hour

? Distilling capacity: 350’000 liters of Ethanol per day

? Power capacity: 15 MW or 100’000 MWh per annum for export

? Bulk of Addax Bio -energy production will be sold to EU markets

Augmenting the plantation with the excess 10,000 hectares with same sugarcane cultivation originally meant for the Kiri Tree plantation, to maximize biofuel and biogas production for export and for national use is recommended. Because the resettled population is at close proximity to the Industrial complex, The Company should anticipate construction of, conventional community housing, with biogas and electricity supply services for relocated communities, to supplement and compensate property owners. Any consideration to provide these forest communities, with subsidized housing

and bioenergy utilities will minimize, if not eliminate pressure on biomass use for their energy needs. Committee for site selection for the housing project, should consider location on agriculture in- valley lowlands, for farmers to continue subsistence farming.

Gola rainforest:

The United Nations environmental protection, welcomes the President of Sierra Leone’s move, to declare by legislation, Gola rainforest as a national park, as a gesture to protect the forest biomass in curbing GHG emissions. With such a good initiative, carbon credit world market is considering Sierra Leone for carbon credit payments, to manage the reserved forest administration and management. Such a mechanism, will without doubt, strictly enforce rules and regulations and, to an extent, warrants of arrests for illegal use of forest resources for cooking and charcoal manufacturing. A situation that will force forest communities to relocate deeper into forest lands, for illegal harvesting.

? Gola forest reserve

? Located in the southeastern Sierra Leone on the border with Liberia

? Tran’s boundary Peace Park

? Largest remaining of the upper Guinea tropical rainforest

? Conservation Internal rates the reserve as the world’s thirty-forth biodiversity hotspots, with West African chimpanzees, pygmy hippos and variety of native birds.

? Attracted to International partnerships including-

? International of sustainable development (IISD)

? UN Integrated peacekeeping office in Sierra Leone (UNIPSIL)

? World Food Program (WFP)

? UK-based Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

? French Global Environment Fund and Conservation International

? Conservation Society of Sierra Leone

Fortunately for this reserved rainforest region, 80% of forest biomass was left intact because the region was a war front site during the twelve years of civil conflict. The region is also outside the agro- biofuel Industrial and hydro corridor and therefore, there are no prospects for biofuel and gas production infrastructure development. However, sustainable strategy solution to ease pressure on forest resources is within reach.

Because the region is a rainforest reserve, the 20% deforested acres should be leased to International Kiri Tree cultivation investors, to provide wood for domestic use and, timber, for a major employer (Furniture manufacturing Industry) in the region.

The Kiri Tree does not need replanting. It re- generates itself and, its timber is used for housing construction, charcoal manufacturing and for cooking. The forest conservation department, will use this resource (timber) for construction of tourist Centres, and forest guard workers housing complexes. There is likelihood, investors will apply for carbon credit to finance and manage the program

Sierra Leone Freetown Peninsular rainforest:

Freetown (capital city) peninsular rainforest and water resource is depleting. There is no scientific or intellectual argument to make, that the continuous biomass depleting rate at the peninsular rainforest and water resource (Guma Reservoir Lake) is sustainable, even if the capital city population is poised to double itself (6,000,000) by year 2030.The population was at 500,000 in 1950 and, has tripled in 2012 to nearly 2,500,000. This is one area, where the Kiri tree cultivation is most needed. Sierra Leone government is to invest in reforestation of this deforested peninsular with Kerri Trees, to protect the Freetown remaining rainforest exploitation on the western area peninsula. The remaining peninsular rainforest, is worth protecting because, it contains the only reservoir lake that supplies portable water to 2,500,000 capital city population of Freetown Sierra Leone. Government is to resettle remaining rainforest communities and, should consider construction of affordable community housing, with subsidized ethanol biogas utilities for resettlement communities at the Freetown zone to provide labor. The country should introduce a “Buy Back Land” policy legislation, to recover Land Space for reforestation of the entire Peninsular. Government by legislation, should terminate private Leasing or selling of Land to Corporate and private Investors on reserved rainforest areas.

Climate change

There is a correlation between climate change, global warming and poor agriculture yields. Environmentally, there is also a correlation between drought and biomass depletion. There are now more than twelve agribusiness investment activities in Sierra Leone alone on major river basins. Unaware of conjunctive water demands and withdrawals by these Industrial investments and, decrease in rainfall, the nation’s water table may not support Corn, Sugarcane, Cassava or Rice crop growth, whose byproducts (ethanol fuel & ethanol gas), which the future world will depend on, for bioenergy and food supply.

Sustainable investment:

Currently, there are no mechanical corn farmers in Sierra Leone. The nation is searching for International investors for corn cultivation and processing refinery Plant, to sustain production of ethanol biofuel blend and ethanol gas. There is a 100,000 acre available for any investor willing to take up the project. With crude oil exploration coming to a very promising end, massive mechanical corn cultivation could not have come at a better time. Sierra needs your support. I am currently partnering with a manufacturing Department at a University in Worcester MA USA, to develop a plan for mass production of bioenergy cook stove for Sierra Leone. I am also soliciting funds for this program.

, khazaliallen@msn.com Jan. 2012)

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Biography: Khazali Allen- Education & Program certifications: BA Global environmental studies - Framingham State University USA. Graduate and continuing Education: Land Use and Environmental Policy Certification - Framingham State University Massachusetts USA. Water & wastewater course Certification- Peterson School of Engineering, Woburn Massachusetts USA: Environmental Technology Certification- University of Massachusetts USA. . Internship/ Work training: Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, Department of Environmental Protection Massachusetts USA. Tracking and data entry of consumer confidence reports CCR. Data entry of updated microbiological sampling locations Filling of laboratory reports on water quality and chemical addition and purged Outdated files from the central filling system. I Assisted the DEP leader, to update Land use lists for water quality monitoring sites. . Internship/ Work training: Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, Department of Environmental Protection Massachusetts USA. Tracking and data entry of consumer confidence reports CCR. Data entry of updated microbiological sampling locations Filling of laboratory reports on water quality and chemical addition and purged Outdated files from the central filling system. I Assisted the DEP leader, to update Land use lists for water quality monitoring sites.Have performed and collaborated work with agencies, corporations, city political administrations and nonprofits, to meet with, development goals and objectives. As a current a member of the Board of Directors, for an African American Non – Profit Organization, subscribing to charity works in Sub Sahara Africa. I am currently doing collaborative work, with the Worcester Polytechnic Institute of Technology, to apply for National and International grants, to establish and implement developmental initiatives in water & sanitation, environmental health & safety, waste management and, nutritional food supply services for Sierra Leone and other developing countries. I have demonstrated capability to contribute, to objectives and goals of Government, Corporations, Community development Groups and NGO’S. My Combined background and skills in environmental science, environmental technology, occupational health & safety, environmental policy regulation and compliance enforcement, have allowed me to serve as lab technician, collecting, labeling and consolidation hazardous chemical waste materials from scientific Lab generators. Have managed storage areas for waste containment and Shipment and, maintained daily check lists for safety in the work place. Served on safety committees and supervised other employees on protective equipment use in the workplace. Khazali Allen, 39 Main Street, P.O.Box 130, South Barre, MA 01074(978) 355-3091khazaliallen@msn.com

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