Atlantic Coast Offshore Wind Trumps Oil and Gas

Non-profit international organization, Oceana, whose sole focus is ocean conservation, released a report this week that shows that offshore wind power up and down the Atlantic coast could generate 30% more electricity than “economically recoverable offshore oil and gas in the same region combined.”

The report, “Untapped Wealth:  The Potential of Offshore Energy to Deliver Clean, Affordable Energy and Jobs,” analyzes the wind power potential of offshore wind on the Atlantic coast from Massachusetts to South Carolina.  It states that between 133,000 and 212,000 jobs could be created if offshore wind power was fully exploited.  This is “more than three times the jobs estimate from proposed future expansion of offshore oil and gas drilling,” according to the report.

The comprehensive report details potential benefits to states along the eastern seaboard, which include:

  • Delaware, Massachusetts and North Carolina could generate enough electricity from offshore wind to equal current electricity generation, entirely eliminating the need for fossil fuel- based electric generation.  
  • New Jersey, Virginia and South Carolina could supply 92 percent, 83 percent and 64 percent of their current electricity generation with offshore wind, respectively. In all these states, wind could provide more energy than the states currently get from fossil fuels.
  • Atlantic offshore wind energy could be produced for less money than corresponding oil and gas and will create more jobs.

The report also analyzes the economic impact and potential of offshore wind power, which all experts agree is considerably higher than onshore wind development.  But offshore wind power still comes in cheaper than oil and gas, according to the report: 

For example, in the South Atlantic, offshore wind could heat more homes than offshore oil and natural gas resources combined, for less than half the price.

In the U.S. mid-Atlantic region, offshore wind could generate more electricity than currently generated by fossil fuels, produce three times as much power, heat seven times as many homes or fuel four times more electric cars as the region’s estimated offshore oil and gas resources combined.

In the North Atlantic region, offshore wind could generate as much electricity as currently generated by oil and natural gas or as generated by coal. The electricity generated by offshore wind could heat nearly four times as many homes as the region’s estimated offshore oil and gas resources combined. 

“Our research revealed that harnessing offshore wind power in Atlantic waters is a much more cost-effective way to generate energy than oil and gas drilling,” said Jacqueline Savitz, Oceana senior campaign director and analysis co-author.  “If we can get more energy for less money, create more jobs and protect our environment from spills, why not choose offshore wind over oil and gas?  We need a sensible energy policy and this research shows the way,” Savitz added.

The report is available here.


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Jennifer Runyon has been studying and reporting about the world's transition to clean energy since 2007. As editor of the world's largest renewable energy publication, Renewable Energy World, she observed, interviewed experts about, and reported on major clean energy milestones including Germany's explosive growth of solar PV, the formation and development of the U.S. onshore wind industry, the U.K. offshore wind boom, China's solar manufacturing dominance, the rise of energy storage, the changing landscape for utilities and grid operators and much, much, more. Today, in addition to managing content on Renewable Energy World and POWERGRID International, she also serves as the conference advisory committee chair for DISTRIBUTECH, a globally recognized conference for the transmission and distribution industry. You can reach her at

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