Vivien Foster is the Manager of the Sustainable Energy department of the World Bank. Earlier, she was the Lead Economist in the Office of the Director for Sustainable Development in the Africa Region of the World Bank, where she was responsible for coordinating a major knowledge program known as the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic. Her work at the World Bank involves both analytical and advisory services, and economic input into the design and supervision of projects, with a focus on the impacts of infrastructure reform and privatization on the poor. Before joining the World Bank, she was a Managing Consultant of Oxford Economic Research Associates Ltd in the UK where she advised private and public sector clients in the water and energy industries, and worked with numerous Latin American governments on issues relating to water sector reform. She holds a Doctorate in Economics from University College, London.