Richard is the Principal at Cogent Policy Research LLC. Formerly he was Director of Research and Policy Development at an electric cooperative utility trade association in Michigan where his responsibilities included analyzing the fiscal and policy impacts of state and federal policy on Michigan’s member owned electric cooperatives, and keeping association members informed on current energy industry related developments. Previously he worked for over 20 years as a Policy Advisor for the Michigan legislature. During that time he worked primarily on state budgets, municipal finance, and state tax legislation. He has a Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from Michigan State University. The opinions are his and not those of Cogent Policy Research, its clients, or any affiliates of its clients.