Briefly Noted … Worldwide Renewable Energy News– Renewable energy provides 3 percent of the installed capacity in India, or 3,165 MW, according to the federal Secretary for Non-Conventional Energy Sources P M Nair. An investment of Rs 180 billion has been made to promote renewables, of which 79 percent comes from the private sector and 17 percent from government. Wind and biomass have grown due to private sector participation, but he says hydrogen fuel and fuel cells are priorities for the Indian government. – China will develop renewable energy in its tenth Five-Year Plan. By the end of the plan in 2005, the volume of renewable energy in China will equal 13 million tons of coal, resulting in an emission decrease of 10 megatonne of carbon and 600,000 tons of sulfur dioxide. It will also supply power to 1.3 million farmers in remote areas, and create 200,000 jobs. By 2005, annual production capacity of solar water heaters will be 11 million square meters and cover 64 million square meters, and five to ten competitive firms will emerge. Annual production of PV cells will reach 15 MW, the installed capacity of wind power will be 1.2 million kW, and the area heated by geothermal energy will be 20 million square meters. – The Michigan Independent Power Producers Association is developing an online Green Power Exchange that will allow users to purchase green power from providers across the state. The site features an interactive map to identify and describe local sources of green power. – The Sarawak state government in Malaysia will hire a consultant to identify areas where solar systems, photovoltaics, diesel generation, battery storage and wind turbines can be installed to provide electricity to longhouses, villages and schools. – DeMarco Energy Systems of America Inc. has earth energy units to be installed at the Belle Fouche Community Center in South Dakota. The facility install 15 units to heat and cool the auditorium, gymnasium, weight room, racquetball courts and 25 m swimming pool. The system uses municipal water as its heat source and heat sink. – The director of the Florida Solar Energy Center, David Block, has received the University of Central Florida Presidential Award for Special Merit for earning national recognition in renewable energy. Block has been honoured by the American Solar Energy Society and the National Hydrogen Association. Block established the Hydrogen Research & Applications Center, which is researching the production of hydrogen from renewable energy. – Fibrominn generates power from poultry litter, and has teamed with Jennie-O Turkey Store, a major turkey producer in the U.S., to assure a steady supply of fuel for a 50 MW facility in Minnesota. The plant in Benson will be the first poultry litter fired power plant in the U.S. and qualifies as a renewable energy under the state’s biomass mandate, which requires Xcel Energy to provide 125 MW of power from renewables. Fibrominn’s parent company has been operating poultry litter fired power plants in Britain for nine years, burning three million tons of poultry litter to generate 1.9 million megawatts of electricity and produce 300,000 tons of ash. – The public utility in South Carolina, Santee Cooper, has dedicated a 2.2 MW landfill methane power plant as the state’s first commercial renewable energy power plant supported by customers who pay a premium for green energy. Santee Cooper sells the output at a premium of 3c/kWh. – Cemig (Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais) of Brazil will generate electricity from alcohol. It recently unveiled a prototype with capacity of 1 kW. – The Australian government has announced a Aus$50 million bio-fuels initiative to ensure that environmentally friendly fuels such as ethanol provide 2 percent of the country’s transport fuel. The government will offer a capital subsidy of 16 cents for each litre of bio-fuel capacity constructed, which is a subsidy of 16 percent on new plants. The target is to increase the use of ethanol and bio-diesel in the transport sector from 40 million to 350 million litres a year by 2010 (2 percent of the petroleum and 1 percent of the total liquid fuel market). Initially, the source would be sugar by-products and grain. The subsidy would be paid until the target of 350 million litres was reached, or until June 2007. At least five new ethanol distilleries are expected, providing construction work and 1,100 permanent jobs.