Geothermal, Hydropower, Solar, Wind Power

Renewable Energy in the Americas

The U.S. Department of Energy compiles energy data on most countries around the world, including their domestic use of renewable energy.

WASHINGTON, DC, US, 2001-08-08 [] The U.S. Department of Energy compiles energy data on most countries around the world, including their domestic use of renewable energy. The reports are published by DOE’s Energy Information Administration. The United States generates 3,009 billion kWh at electric utilities and another 798 billion kWh at non-utility producers. For utilities, coal accounts for 56 percent of generation, nuclear for 23 percent, natural gas for 10 percent, hydroelectricity for 8 percent, oil for 2 percent, and geothermal and other sources for 0.1 percent. For non-utilities, natural gas accounts for 40 percent, followed by coal at 33 percent, geothermal and other (including wind, solar, wood and waste) at 11 percent, nuclear at 6 percent, oil at 5 percent, and hydroelectric at 2 percent. Forty-five percent of U.S. renewables comes from hydroelectric sites. Renewable energy consumption is 6,516 trillion Btu , a 1 percent decrease. Uruguay’s generation capacity is 2.2 GW, of which 70 percent comes from hydroelectric sites and 30 percent from thermal. Energy laws prohibit the use of nuclear energy but the use of natural gas for electricity generation will rise dramatically in the future. Generation of 5.7 billion kWh includes 5.4 billion kWh hydroelectric and renewable energy consumption is 114 trillion Btu, a 22 percent increase. Guatemala’s generation is 1,150 MW, of which 92 percent is hydroelectricity. The generating company, INDE, hopes the private sector will install 1,000 MW of new hydro capacity in coming years, while INDE plans the 340 MW Chulac, 130 MW Xalala, 135 MW Serchil, 69 MW Oregano, 60 MW Santa Maria II, 59 MW Camotan, and 23 MW El Palmar. Powerhouse Energy of Canada will build a 21 MW hydro plant at Turingia. Potential geothermal sites in Guatemala include Amatitlan (came online in 1999), Zunil, Zunil II, Tecuamburro, San Marcos, Moyuta, Atitlan, Palencia, and Motagua. INDE has performed pre-feasibility studies for potential plants at Zunil II (50 MW), Tecuamburro (30 MW), and San Marcos (30 MW). Renewable energy consumption is 160 trillion Btu, a 2 percent decrease. Brazil has installed electric capacity of 65.2 million kilowatts, of which 87 percent is hydro. Of the 337.4 billion kWh generated, 91 percent is from hydropower. The country also uses biofuels, especially ethanol, and an ethanol program was initiated following the oil shock of 1973 and is one of Brazil’s strategies to mitigate the environmental effects of rapid urbanization. Renewable energy consumption is 4,573 trillion Btu, 4 percent increase. Colombia’s generating capacity is 12.8 GW with net generation of 43.6 billion kWh, of which 76 percent is hydroelectric. Renewable energy consumption is 0.5 percent, down to 524 trillion Btu.