Bioenergy, Geothermal, Wind Power

Use of Renewables in U.S. to Grow 2.6 Percent

Total demand for renewable energy in the United States will increase by 2.6 percent by next year, following a 0.4 percent increase in the past year and a decline of 1.0 percent from 1999 to 2000, according to government predictions.

WASHINGTON, DC, US, 2001-03-13 // Demand this year will hit 6.951 quadrillion Btu (qBtu), says the Energy Information Administration in its ‘Short Term Energy Outlook’ released in March. This will reach 7.131 qBtu in 2002 under the mid world oil price case. By comparison, demand last year was 6.922 and was 6.994 in 1999. The largest single source of renewable energy in the United States this year will be the hydropower generated by electric utilities, where it will be 2.745 qBtu and will rise by 3.8 percent by next year. Utilities use only 0.004 qBtu of geothermal, solar and wind, and 0.021 for biofuels, . Both these sources will remain static from 2001 to 2002. Among non-utility power generators, the use of biofuels will be 0.729 qBtu this year, while geothermal, solar and wind will be 0.186. All three sources will remain static into next year, according to the EIA analysis. In other sectors, industrial use of biofuels is the second largest segment of renewable energy in the U.S., at 2.008 qBtu this year. Residential and commercial use of solar and biofuels will be 0.547 qBtu this year, and will demonstrate the greatest increase (5.5 percent) by next year. Transportation accounts for 0.112 qBtu of ethanol gasoline, and there is 0.267 qBtu of imported electricity that is defined as renewable energy. EIA is the statistical agency for the U.S. Department of Energy.