It took us 5 years to reach our 15% RE goals here at Farmers Electric Cooperative - Kalona IA.
This could easily be done in 2 years with the right incentives coupled with tax credits with no cost to the city.
A rising tide lifts all boats. Tariffs have only proven to limit growth. I can't think of a better product to import from China. Solar mints money and America and the world wins the quicker we transition our energy supply over to renewable energy. If the Chinese can help us do that a cheaply as possible then the better for both of us.
The electric utility business is in fact a government sanctioned monopoly with little incentive to push technology down at the consumer level.
My Prius has more generation to load control than any electric system. If the utility industry could match the efficiency and load balancing found in the hybrid car market the grid could easily support 50% or more renewable energy and do so fairly early in this transition cycle.
We need smart homes and businesses and smarter grids. The costs don't have to rise and may even stabilize under a hybrid model.
The most innovative and fair method being developed world wide. congratulations Minn..
In the residential setting and with current design GHPs have a bigger carbon foot print than do heat pumps coupled with gas. As I've reported on this site before the GSHP uses resistance heat as a supplemental source and the resistance heat runs more the longer and harder the winter. If they sized the unit around this they wouldn't be able to sell them.
If you think a GHP works so well try putting them on an off-grid system. Not going to happen!
@ANONYMOUS, Great set of fears voiced here. Easy to tell the serfs what they want and need when you are setting on the Monopoly throne. I'm sure AT&T had the same fears when they were broken up. The current structure of highly regulated out-side-in central-station model that promotes all we can generate and consume is facing a paradigm shift.
Go to the Iowa IUB website and view the NOI-2014-0001 filings. The eye opener being that the likes of Facebook and Microsoft are wanting to locate in states with renewable energy options and they are letting regulators know this. The new Tesla battery plant will be made in a state that can also provide a high concentration of renewable energy.
The most innovative markets like technology are the least regulated. The innovation in electricity will only come when the regulated market monopoly structure is set free.
Great article John, you are spot on as usual!
Thermostat settings and operations are a huge factor.
I haven't reviewed the data here closely but we do evaluate the meter readings and kwhr usage on about 30 systems summer and winter and as I have posted on this site before...We have found that in long hard winters the loops become saturated and the electric resistance heat becomes the primary heat source. The happens a lot. We can spot a malfunctioning unit in the group and have around a 7% unit failure rate.
Buy a new heat pump with LP backup and a heat pump water heater and put the money saved into solar and you'll be way ahead.
We need to switch from net metering to a feed-in-tariff to create a level playing field with any new generation source built today. Solar can compete but net metering is a loser for all sides.
My son lives in Boston MA and he pays .20/kWhr of which .10/kWhr is delivery. I'm thinking solar can survive on the remaining .10/kWhr very nicely. I'm also thinking there might be some distribution and transmission savings that could be attributed to having solar during the peak hours. This might give solar and additional .05/kWhr bonus. So a FIT or Value of Solar Tariff of .15/kWhr should be fair play.
If the current monopolies won't work with inside-out generation then deregulate the industry and give the customer a choice.
Duke is but one good battery away from losing 25% of their load. If the average home had the sophistication of the Toyota Prius the shift would be closer to 50% of residential loads moving to off-grid solar.
The DG market and industry has but two choices; to push for a feed-in-tariff, or to push for total deregulation of the industry.
The problem with current residential GSHP's is the electric heat used to supplement and/or backup the units. Near the end of a hard winter, due to ground saturation, they may be running almost entirely on the electric resistance a majority of the time. This contributes to peak demand and decreases utility load factors. The best of both worlds would be a GSHP with Gas for the supplemental and backup heat. I have done the research however I wonder if the newer HP with Gas actually offers a lower overall carbon footprint than a GSHP with resistance elements would.
@Bob, I'm not talking about poorly designed systems. We meter over 30+ residential systems, including demand and kWhr energy readings for every day. They all at some point during the winter months utilize their resistance heat elements. Some of this depends on consumer use of the thermostat. The fact is, to be cost competitive designers and installers rely on the resistive heat not only as backup but as part of the system performance. If you don't believe me then every system you install should have the resistive coils un-hooked and you might find how your systems are designed.
I might add Bob that these are Iowa winters. I wish it weren't true but it is and it is by design.
These systems do little to discourage the building of new coal and nuclear plants. In fact they may increase the need. "The Red Queen Dilemma"