Thanks for your switch-on article, Bill.
We are actually in the solar+storage decade for new decisions, worldwide. Where humanity needs brains, funded ideas, financing and spirit for discovery. A new era 'Werner-von-Braun' by NASA, but not for space now, than for our entire earth.
Actual situation: Different types of 'salt' for industrial temp-storage media are cheap and practical in use, especially in combination with future high-heat CSP-towers (>550°C.-700°C., >12hour-overnight-storage) from high DNI-radiation-deserts, like Atacama, Northern Chile.
And both, hydrogen and lithium will also play an important role. But more as high-tech transport & mobility media, like e-bikes, cars, trucks, planes and ships. Lowering production price is actually the biggest challenge, for instance to simplify and massify the use of this.
We can't waste more time in wrong, only short termed and profitable decision making.
You are right Amanda, with this article, 100%! Vision and strong leadership are the drivers to put low emission policy into reality, everywhere in the world. Especially in Chile, where the even 'untouched' renewable energy potential over 2000GW is magnificant. Solar as champion, without discussion.
With this bright future 'in the background', actual Chilean's government has to worry about new mechanisms to attract the private sector to invest more in new transmission grids and CSP+PV projects (PPA's) for local industrial/mining sector from Atacama Desert [..where the solar output is 40% better than in California, by the way].
Why this article is the most commented? Because James Montgomery is a good writer (that´s true), or his essay let's come together 'hardliners' (clean by nuclear) and 'softliners' (renewable is clean)? For fruitfull and peacefull discussion, obvious.
Here only two insider-arguments why nuclear energy from Germany after year 2022 (official close) is really 'out of date':
1.- Recycling shortened atom reactors cost the same (or even more) than construction (but this was never mentioned before..), and nobody ist willing to pay for that... nor firms, nor government.
2.- Professionals in nuclear energy are in extinction, nobody in German's universities studies this matter actually!
My advice, ..make your own investigation, perhaps something similar happens in the US-sector?
Germany liked to be the flagship for renewable energy in the world, but at the same time spent a lot of money in subsidiary for coal: RWE is a fossil company like their coal.
This effort to jump over the >20% efficiency-mark in thin film PV-technology is really significant!
1.- Fruitfull competition with silicon-based PV is still 'on the run'.
2.- 5% more efficiency means less production cost, less surface, less transport, etc.
3.- There is still enough 'space' for applied investigation.
Thank you Dr. Safiuddin for your global concept presentation. Now we need the fruitfull discussion within the United Nations about that.
Here some usefull links from International Desertec Foundation:
Karsten Berg, Coordinator Desertec Chile
Sounds good for early spin-off...to re-name Silicon Valley into Graphene Valley !
Thank you Rhone...to demonstrate here, what 10GW in solar energy means for environment. There is a bright future, everywhere sun is shining strong, without frontiers between states and countries. And even CSP and FV may play together in an area where new shale gas like in Texas produce oil independance for a couple of decades ...there is no more place for "Fukushimas" at all.
CONGRATULATIONS FOR EVERYBODY WHO MADE THIS REALITY.. here comes the sun!
Finally, after 20 years of delay, energy developers discover the prime potential of renewable energy in Chile, and Latin America too. The Atacama Desert is the best place for solar energy actually worldwide, and not only for PV-technics. For instance, CSP with salt-storage, 24 hours per day clean energy for the copper-mine industry.
Yes indeed Claude, because mining companies for instance no can´t produce their copper only with daylight.