Since Superstorm Sandy hit last October, the issue of energy independence and reliable advanced energy infrastructure has become a major concern for Long Island residents. Though Sandy highlighted the issue, it is nothing new; due to its unique geographic location, providing energy generated on Long Island to its many residents is a daunting task, and sourcing energy from elsewhere is expensive. Unfortunately, due to staggering debt from the defunct Shoreham nuclear facility, funding any new infrastructure projects will prove problematic for LIPA and for residents footing the bill; debt from Shoreham already increases LIPA bills by an estimated 15 percent.