SYDNEY -- China's beleaguered solar panel makers took another hit this week, announcing either shipment downgrades or job cuts in response to global oversupply and higher production costs tied to recent import tariffs imposed by the U.S. government.
Trina Solar, which has reported a loss for the last consecutive four quarters, slashed third-quarter guidance citing industry-wide oversupply and lower prices. The Chinese solar panel maker now estimates shipments in the third quarter would be in the 375 MW to 385 MW range, down from previous guidance of 450 MW to 480 MW, as margins were squeezed by anti-dumping duties in the U.S. and an inventory write-down.
Trina said in September that it was cutting an undisclosed number of jobs as part of a broader cost-saving measure. This week it was Suntech’s turn to announce job cuts, saying it will reduce three production shifts to one and cut the workforce at its Goodyear, Ariz. solar panel manufacturing facility.
The world's largest producer of solar panels said the rising costs of solar cells increases the cost of manufacturing solar panels in the U.S. Tariffs on solar cells come in addition to tariffs imposed by the U.S. government last year on aluminum frames, another key input for solar panel manufacturing.
"Subsequent to our decision to invest in Arizona, unnecessary upstream trade barriers have made it difficult and more costly to manufacture solar panels in the U.S. In addition, these new tariffs limit our ability to utilize Suntech's advanced solar cell technology imported from China," said Mick McDaniel, managing director of Suntech America.
Travis Hoium writes in the Motley Fool: “It should now be clear that Chinese solar companies are no longer viable businesses as they're currently constructed. Not only are margins so low that it would be tough to make a profit, they all have debt that makes them less competitive than healthier suppliers.”
Hoium has been negative on Chinese solar stocks for some time, but generally has kept his strongly negative opinions limited to those with so much debt that it's unlikely they could ever compete, such as LDK, Suntech and Yingli.
But an earnings report from Canadian Solar, coupled with Trina’s updated guidance leads Hoium to believe "that China's entire solar industry will eventually be bankrupt, or bailed out in some form.”
IN THE NEWS
Sinovel to put 351 workers on leave amid slump in turbine sales: China’s Sinovel, the world’s biggest wind-turbine marker by market value, said it plans to put 351 workers — 12 percent of the company’s total workforce — on leave from 19 November because of an industry-wide slump in sales.
China releases funding for solar projects: China will accept new applications from regional governments for solar project subsidies to support the domestic photovoltaic industry. The certain projects, which belong to the Golden Sun program, will receive a subsidy of 5.5 yuan ($0.88) per watt and must be completed by the end of June 2013, according to a statement on the Ministry of Finance website.
Mongolia to increase renewable energy development: Mongolia plans to increase the amount of energy produced from renewable sources, the country’s President Tsakhia Elbegdorj said Monday. The country expects to produce 20 percent to 25 percent of its electricity from wind, solar and other renewable resources by 2020, Elbegdorj said at the Northeast Asia Renewable Energy Resources Cooperation Forum.
Germany’s Conergy wins bid to build two wind farms in Thailand: Germany's Conergy has won a contract to supply parts and build two solar farms in Thailand with a combined capacity of 21 MW. Thai Solar Energy chose Conergy for engineering, procurement and construction services at its solar parks in Suphan Buri and Kanchanaburi provinces.
Australia brings early end to rooftop solar subsidy scheme: Australia’s federal government has announced the early closure of its rooftop solar subsidy scheme. The closure of the scheme, six months early, is the second time the government has intervened in the program, which was originally intended to end in 2015.
Infigen, Suntech scale back plan for Australian solar farm: Australia’s Infigen Energy and China’s Suntech cut the size of a solar plant proposed for Australia’s New South Wales state to about a quarter of the original plan as they vie for federal funds. The two companies want to develop a 35-MW solar project after failing in an attempt to get a government grant for a 150-MW plan.
Japan domestic solar shipments up 80 percent: Japan's domestic shipments of solar cells and modules rose 80 percent year-on-year in the three months to September after the government started an incentive program for clean energy in the first month of the period. Domestic shipments increased to 627 MW from 348 MW in the same quarter last year, the Japan Photovoltaic Energy Association said.
A DEEPER LOOK
Navigating Australia’s cleantech puberty blues: Australian CleanTech’s John O’Brien writes Australia has all the characteristics of a country that should be leading the cleantech world: excellent research capability; mature financial markets; exceptional renewable energy resources; erratic water supplies and very high emissions per capita. There has certainly been progress over 2012 with the start of carbon-pricing and grant programs, strengthening the foundations that were started with the 20 percent renewable energy target. But with all this effort, cleantech in Australia has only yet reached its teenage years.
India’s $1.4 billion solar plan thwarted by supply delays, dust: Natalie Obiko Pearson of Bloomberg writes India expects half of a planned $1.4 billion of solar thermal power stations will be delayed and some scrapped as U.S. supplies stall and dust clouds diffuse the radiation required to drive generation. Of the 500 MW of projects due to be completed in February and May, only a third of that capacity may be ready on time.
ON THE HORIZON
Bankruptcy beckons for half of tier 3 polysilicon suppliers: The bleak outlook for the global polysilicon industry has been laid bare by the prediction that half of the world's tier 3 polysilicon suppliers face bankruptcy in the months ahead. Principal PV analyst at IHS iSuppli Henning Wicht told pv magazine that while the world's biggest polysilicon producers — OCI, Wacker, GCL Poly and HSC — may continue to expand production by offsetting any associated losses against longer-term gains of expanded market share, smaller players had no such luxury.
QUOTE OF THE WEEK
“The Thai government wants to meet one quarter of the country’s energy requirements using renewable energy sources by the year 2022. This is providing a baseline of support to the development of a solar energy market in Thailand.” — Alexander Lenz, President Asia & Middle East for Conergy
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