Approximately four months after passing regulation seeking to encourage the incorporation of distributed generation systems into Brazil's distribution planning process, on August 7, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Energy Regulatory Agency (ANEEL) issued new rules (Resolução Normativa (REN) No. 502/2012) governing the rollout of "smart" metering, which aim at making better use of digital information technology, interactive communications, and power flow optimization techniques (the "Smart Grid Regulation").