In 2006, five months before signing the historic California Global Warming Solutions Act, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger issued an Executive Order establishing a Bioenergy Action Plan. Those actions positioned California as a world leader in the race to develop renewable power and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. But what is most troubling for those of us particularly in the biomass sector is that two years later, the complexities of implementation have become evident. Scientists and legislators, entrepreneurs and environmental activists, municipal agencies and utility managers, all with the best intentions, struggle for enough common ground to keep progress from grinding to a halt.