For years, the only effective way to go solar was to have tens of thousands of dollars and a sunny roof. Investing in solar was nearly impossible. But a couple years ago, a new notion called crowdfunding got its start, and California-Based Mosaic was on the forefront. Its crowdfunding program allows people to pool their resources, large or small, to build community-based solar installations. It’s not about charity, either. Mosaic’s pioneering crowdfunding effort is letting people across the country earn a modest return on their solar investment and putting clean local power on rooftops everywhere.
ILSR Director of Democratic Energy John Farrell spoke with Mosaic president Billy Parish via Skype in mid-February about the potential for crowdfunding to give most Americans a chance to invest in renewable energy. Podcast (Local Energy Rules): Play in new window | Download | Embed
What's New About Mosaic?
“We’ve gone through through the very difficult process of getting a lender’s license, getting securities approvals from state and federal regulators to offer our investments," says Parish about Mosaic's pioneering work, "people can make a return on their investment…earning 4.5 to 7.5 percent annually.”
Many other crowdfunding platforms rely on donations — charitable contributions — to finance local or community-based solar energy projects. The return is mostly emotional or intellectual. Mosaic is changing the game, letting people put their money into solar, and getting them a financial return, too.
Crowdfunding for Community and Individual Solar
“We’re about to be funding our first community solar project, where people will be getting a credit on their bill for participating," says Parish, "our crowdfunders are financing the project.” The combination of community ownership and crowd financing means it's “doubly community crowdfunded.”
Crowdfunding can support solar on individual rooftops, too, says Parish.
“It’s lowering the cost of capital for people to go solar.”
The state of Connecticut has a Green Bank for financing renewable energy and Mosaic is helping them broaden financing to include crowd finance. The bank provides junior debt and a first loss fund to make financing solar very attractive, and Mosaic (and other investors) provides the senior debt for solar on individual properties. But unlike other investors, Mosaic’s funding comes from the crowd, not big banks.
The Future of Crowd Finance
“We’re just beginning to test the limits of crowdfunding,” says Parish. Examples from around the world — a $100 million development in Colombia, and several in Europe — hint how crowd finance could get much bigger. Parish thinks that communities will increasingly use crowdfunding for “all of the essential infrastructure they need to thrive in the 21st Century.”
There are already hints that electric utilities of the U.S. are thinking about the potential.
“We’ve been approached by a number of municipal utilities interested in enabling their residents to directly invest in the clean energy assets they buy electricity from,” Parish says. Mosaic is also working with investor owned utilities interested in alternatives to traditional financing.
The big barrier to expanding crowd finance is the federal investor protections established by the Securities and Exchange Commission. To offer crowd financing to everyone in the U.S., it’s necessary to register with the Securities and Exchange Commission and develop a structure that works.
Parish says that Mosaic has gone the furthest, but “Nobody has done that yet.”
Instead, Mosaic and others have worked within particular states or with high net worth (accredited) investors, generally using state exemptions to federal rules.
The 2012 JOBS Act promised to make crowdfunding a lot easier for regular folks to participate, but it's been in a rulemaking process since 2012. Parish says that for federal crowd finance, we'll have to wait and see.
“Part of that bill has been implemented and part of it is still being interpreted. We actually don’t know…how that’s going to turn out…”
Parish and Mosaic are thinking big.
“We want to see millions of people investing in solar projects in their community and around the world.”
Mosaic already has a couple dozen commercial-scale projects and over 3,000 investors, and they want to rapidly expand that opportunity. Part of the expansion will be into the residential/individual market, providing financing for individuals to go solar, but it will also be into new areas. In addition to solar, Mosaic is looking at crowdfunding for electric vehicles, energy efficiency, and wind power.
This is the 16th edition of Local Energy Rules, an ILSR podcast with Senior Researcher John Farrell that shares powerful stories of successful local renewable energy and exposes the policy and practical barriers to its expansion. It is published twice monthly, on 1st and 3rd Thursday. Click to subscribe to the podcast: iTunes or RSS/XML
Photo credit: Black Rock Solar
Thanks to ILSR intern Jake Rounds for his audio editing of this podcast.
The information and views expressed in this blog post are solely those of the author and not necessarily those of RenewableEnergyWorld.com or the companies that advertise on this Web site and other publications. This blog was posted directly by the author and was not reviewed for accuracy, spelling or grammar.