The World's #1 Renewable Energy Network for News, Information, and Companies.

Iceland First in Europe to Sign Free Trade Pact with China, Offers Geothermal Expertise

Iceland First in Europe to Sign Free Trade Pact with China, Offers Geothermal Expertise

Iceland became the first European country to sign a free trade agreement with China in a bid to sell its expertise in geothermal energy to the $7.3 trillion Asian economy.

Iceland’s Foreign Minister Ossur Skarphedinsson signed the deal with Commerce Minister Gao Hucheng in Beijing today, bringing to a close six years of talks, according to Iceland’s Foreign Ministry. Prime Minister Johanna Sigurdardottir starts a three-day visit to China today, meeting with her Chinese counterpart Premier Li Keqiang and President Xi Jinping.

Iceland is working on deepening ties with China that could help speed up efforts to emerge from its 2008 economic collapse, when its three-largest banks defaulted on $85 billion in debt. The north Atlantic nation is seeking to resuscitate its $14.4 billion economy by returning to the industries it once relied on for growth, such as tourism, fishing and energy.

“It’s important for Iceland to conclude pacts like this to strengthen trade following the economic collapse,” Sigurdardottir said in an interview. The free trade agreement will “increase the soundness of business transactions and presumably the interest among Chinese and Icelandic companies that are cooperating” in geothermal power.

Geothermal Power

The volcanic island gets about 25 percent of its power from geothermal sources and the rest from hydropower. It wants to sell that expertise to diversify sales, given marine products now account for 90 percent of Iceland’s exports to China.

China is already benefiting from Iceland’s expertise after 80 Chinese students graduated from the United Nations University Geothermal Program in Reykjavik, making them the “most populous” foreign alumni, according to Sigurdardottir.

Even so, Iceland’s relations with China have been under strain after the island nation repeatedly rebuffed attempts by Chinese billionaire Huang Nubo to lease 300 square kilometers (116 square miles) of land from local authorities in the country’s northeast. Huang, who planned to invest $200 million in the remote mountain site to build a golf course and use it as a spring board for other ventures in Scandinavia, has set a May deadline for talks with the government.

The billionaire’s plans were pushed off the table by Interior Minister Ogmundur Jonasson, who has introduced a bill limiting the ability of foreigners to purchase land or houses in the country. The law must be approved by the Reykjavik-based Parliament.

The minister is concerned foreign land purchases will slow or impede development and risk natural resources, according to an interview he gave broadcaster RUV in January.

EU Trade

Those concerns are moot, Jon Ormur Halldorsson, associate professor in international business at the Reykjavik University, said in a telephone interview. “There’s nothing to suggest that the Chinese have any ulterior motives by concluding this deal with Iceland.”

Iceland already has a free trade agreement with the 27- member European Union, and 83 percent of exports go to the European Economic Area, which includes the EU, Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein. Iceland’s exports to China amounted to 7.6 billion kronur ($64 million) in 2012, while the island bought goods — mostly furniture, clothing and electronics — worth 42.6 billion kronur.

“In a way, China is a sideshow to the EU,” said Halldorsson. Even so, “we should seek to expand our horizon and open up as many doors as possible.”

Copyright 2013 Bloomberg

Lead image: Handshake and world map via Shutterstock


Regional News from the July/August 2015 Digital Edition of Renewable Energy World

Renewable Energy World Editors EcoFasten Solar announced that it launched a new mounting "Rock-It System" that it would be displaying during Intersolar. Product compliance was determined through testing per UL Subject 2703, which reviews integ...

SkyPower Inks $2.2 Billion Deal for Massive Solar Power Plant in Kenya

Eric Ombok, Bloomberg Kenya’s Energy Ministry and SkyPower Global Ltd. will sign a $2.2 billion agreement on Sunday that paves the way for the Canadian company to develop a 1-gigawatt solar project in East Africa’s biggest economy. The solar pr...

Some Hope for US Renewable Energy Tax Credits As Extension Bill Passes Committee

Vince Font In a lopsided 23-3 vote, the U.S. Senate Finance Committee voted yesterday to extend a number of renewable energy production tax credits through the end of 2016. The vote allows developers of wind, geothermal, biomass, lan...

How Solar Energy Zones and Easy Permitting Helped Create 3-cent Solar

Susan Kraemer, Correspondent Warren Buffet's utility NV Energy has signed the lowest price contract for solar ever, at just US $0.0384 for First Solar’s 100-MW Playa Solar project, beating even its own record low price of $0.046 cents for SunPower's 1...


Volume 18, Issue 4


To register for our free
e-Newsletters, subscribe today:



StartUp Green

AREI, American Renewable Energy Institute, in partnership with ...

GRC Annual Banquet

GRC Annual Banquet Monday, September 21, 6:00 pm - 9:00 pm National Auto...

GRC Fieldtrip - Geothermal Direct Use Tours of the Peppermill Resort

Free to all attendees (limited to 30 participants per tour) Located...


Registration Opens for GRC Annual Meeting & GEA Geothermal Energy Expo

GRC Annual Meeting & GEA Expo:   Register Now for the 2015 GRC ...

New Approach to Crowdfunding Renewable Energy Assets

In our business, our goal is to help people improve their quality of lif...

SAP for Utilities Blog

The Eventful Group produces the annual SAP for Utilites Conference ...


Tweet the Editors! @megcichon @jennrunyon


Renewable Energy: Subscribe Now

Solar Energy: Subscribe Now

Wind Energy: Subscribe Now

Geothermal Energy: Subscribe Now

Bioenergy: Subscribe Now